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Microsoft word - exam.docx

Units 3 and 4 Physical Education
Practice Exam Question and Answer Booklet

Duration: 15 minutes reading time, 2 hours writing time  Students are permitted to bring into the examination room: pens, pencils, highlighters, erasers and  Students are not permitted to bring into the examination room: blank sheets of paper and/or white  No calculator is allowed in this examination.  This question and answer booklet of 22 pages.  You must complete all questions of the examination.  Write all your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet. Section A – Multiple-choice questions
Instructions
Answer all questions by circling your choice.
Choose the response that is correct or that best answers the question.
A correct answer scores 1, an incorrect answer scores 0.
Marks will not be deducted for incorrect answers.
No marks will be given if more than one answer is completed for any question.
Questions
Question 1
Below are three diagrammatic representations of non-anatomical hearts. The diagrams can be used to
demonstrate the volume of left ventricle and the thickness of the ventricles. Based off these diagrams, if
the size and thickness of the walls of these ventricles were to be applied to the heart of a marathon
runner, a weight lifter and an average person, which heart would belong to which person?
A. Heart 1= Average Person, Heart 2 = Marathon Runner, Heart 3= Weight Lifter B. Heart 1 =Marathon Runner, Heart 2 =Weight Lifter, Heart 3 = Average Person C. Heart 1 = Average Person, Heart 2= Weight Lifter, Heart 3 = Marathon Runner D. Heart 2 = Weight Lifter, Heart 3 = Average Person, Heart 3 = Marathon Runner Question 2 Jodie is a 19 year old university student. Her current activities include one 40 minute gym session per week, running twice a week for 30 minutes and walking her dog for 50 minutes 3 times a week. Based off this information which of the following is true? A. Jodie is currently meeting the National Physical Activity Guidelines B. In order to meet the guidelines Jodie must exercise everyday C. Jodie does not meet the National Physical Activity Guidelines D. Insufficient information is provided to determine whether Jodie does or does not meet the Question 3 A muscle contraction in which the muscle lengthens is an example of what type of contraction? A. An Isometric Contraction B. A Concentric Contraction C. An Eccentric Contraction D. An Isokinetic Contraction 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 4 Which of the following is not a phase of psychological skills training? A. The Education Phase B. The Acquisition Phase C. The Practice Phase D. The Enforcement Phase Question 5 Which of the following changes to the original program correctly applies to the principle of overload? A. Option A B. Option B C. Option C D. Option D Question 6 Which of the following is a situation when anaerobic glycolysis would NOT be the dominant source of energy? A. In a 400 metre race B. In the red blood cells C. When a marathon runner sprints towards the finish line D. Anaerobic Glycolysis would be dominant in all of the situations above Question 7 Which of the following is NOT true? A. Diuretics are used by some athletes to mask the use of banned substances by diluting the drug B. Plasma Volume Expanders are used to mask the use of Erythropoietin (EPO) by keeping the C. Probenecid can be used to mask the use of Anabolic Agents by blocking their secretion D. Beta Blockers are used to mask the use of stimulants by lowering the heart rate Question 8 Which of the following correctly outlines a change that would occur at the commencement of exercise? A. Decreased LA B. Increased Inorganic Phosphates C. Increased PC stores D. None of the above Question 9 Reciprocal Causation is best defined as. A. The interaction between an individual and the environment B. The relationship between an individual’s confidence and their level of activity C. The increased likelihood of an individual to be active while being monitored D. The relationship between an individual and their community Question 10 Which of the following fuels takes the longest to deplete? A. Intramuscular ATP B. Phosphocreatine (PC) C. Glycogen D. Water Question 11 Which of the following is not a performance enhancing substance that is not banned in all sports out of competition by the World Anti-Doping Code? A. Beta-2 Agonists B. Diuretics C. Alcohol D. Anabolic Agents Question 12 Which of the following is not predominantly an Individual Factor in the Social Ecological Model? A. A person’s cultural background B. A person’s beliefs C. A person’s knowledge about physical activity D. A person’s motivational readiness Question 13 The table below shows the time that a Centre player for Netball spends in each zone. Use this information to answer the following question. The Dominant Energy System during work time for the Centre Player is A. The ATP-PC System B. The Lactic Acid System C. The Aerobic Energy System D. Both the ATP-PC System and the Lactic Acid System Question 14 During a 5km run what is the most likely cause of fatigue? A. Depletion of PC B. Accumulation of Lactic Acid C. Depletion of glycogen D. None of the above 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 15 Which of the following does NOT play a role in increasing venous return during exercise? A. Increased Venoconstriction B. Increased Cardiac Output C. The Muscle Pump D. The Respiratory Pump Section B – Short-answer questions
Instructions
Answer all questions in the spaces provided.
In questions where more than one mark is available, appropriate working must be shown.
Unless otherwise indicated, the diagrams in this book are not drawn to scale.
Questions
Question 1
The Australian Government tries to increase Physical Activity across the population by implementing a
number of programs targeted at different levels of the population.
a.
What are 4 benefits of physical activity? An example of one of the programs the Government promotes is ‘the Walking School Bus’. What setting is this program targeted at? What are two strategies that the walking school bus program uses to promote physical activity? 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 2 Explain how fitness testing can be used to improve or enhance a training program. When retesting, the reliability of a test is an important factor that must be considered. Explain what reliability is and give two examples of strategies that can be used to ensure that tests are more reliable. It is important to ensure that fitness component tests are specific to the activity for which the fitness component is required. Outline an example using two different sports or activities that would both require a specific fitness component; use this example to demonstrate how a different fitness test would be more specific to each sport due to the different situations in which the specific fitness component is utilized. Explain why Oxygen Deficit and Oxygen Debt occur and their relationship to each other. 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 5 The graph below shows the contribution of the Anaerobic Systems and the Aerobic Energy Systems during a 100 metre event, a 400metre event and a 1500meter event. Discuss why the amount of energy contributed from the Anaerobic System is fairly consistent across each of these events even though the demands of the events are very different. Explain how the speed the athletes run at for each event are so different even though the contribution of the Anaerobic System is the same for all three events. Question 6 Nina is a 100m sprinter. She decides to undertake the following training program to improve her results.  Short Interval x3 a week  Circuit Training x3 a week  Swimming x1 a week Consists of 4 reps of the following 6 stations, with 1 minute spent at each station  Arm pulls  10 m sprint  Jumping Squats  Step Ups  Heel Raises  Skipping List 3 training principles that the program demonstrates. Use data to support your answer. Nina’s results begin to improve after starting the program. What are 3 adaptations that would occur as a result of the training and how would they help to improve her performance? 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. After a month Nina’s improvements begin to plateau. In order to continue improving Nina decides to apply overload to her program over 6 weeks. The changes and resulting program are shown below. Overloads:  Week 1: Decreased recovery by 10%  Week 2: Increased duration of work by less than 10%  Week 3: Decreased recovery by less than 10%  Week 4: Increased reps from 12 to 13  Week 5: Decreased recovery by less than 10%  Week 6: Increased Duration of work by less than 10% Nina’s results end up decreasing after completing her new program. What is the most likely reason for this and explain why the decrease in results would occur. Question 7 ‘Around the Bay in a Day’ is an annual event in which participants cycle around Port Phillip Bay and help to raise money for the Smith Family. What are 2 strategies the participants or planners could use to reduce the risk of participants over heating? Over-heating can be a cause of fatigue. Discuss how over heating can impact negatively on performance. 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 8 Jake is a 24 year old male on the verge of qualifying for the ‘Tour de France’. Jake has been considered but failed to qualify for the event over the last 3 years. He is desperate to qualify for the event this year and is under a lot of pressure from his coach. Jake ends up deciding to partake in blood doping in order to try and give himself ‘the extra boost’ he needs to qualify. Discuss the physiological reasons that Jake may have decided to partake in blood doping even though he would have known it was a banned practice. Discuss the risks associated with blood doping. What is one training method Josh could have used instead to get similar but less significant results in a natural and legal way? Use the circles below to draw two pie graphs. The first pie graph should depict the % of Carbohydrates and the % of Fat used at rest and the second should depict the % of Carbohydrates and the % Fat used during submaximal exercise. Make sure that it is clear which graph depicts which situation and which part is fats and which part is carbohydrates. A trained Aerobic athlete and an inactive person are both running at 15 km/hr. Would the Aerobic athlete or the inactive person have the higher heart rate? 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. The graphs below show the fuel use of both the trained and untrained person as they run at 15km/hr. Which Graph would show the percentage of fuel use of the Aerobic Athlete? What competitive advantage does the Aerobic Athletes fuel use provide? Question 10 Robert is a 37 year old male who is living in the suburb of Ringwood. He is living with his wife and two children, Jack, 8 and Belinda, 3. He works as an engineer and must work long hours due to the high demand for his skills at work and the recent implementation of mandatory overtime. He finds that he gets very little time for himself as his day consists of dropping his children off at school, before taking an hour to get to work by train, followed by a full day of work and an equally long commute home. At his last visit to the doctor, his doctor found that he had mild hypertension and recommend that Robert increase his levels of physical activity. a. Use the Social Ecological Model to demonstrate an example from each level of the Model that may affect Robert’s level of Physical Activity. b. Outline two strategies that may help Robert to increase his levels of Physical Activity. 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Identify one Subjective Measure and one Objective Measure that David could use to monitor his activity levels. List 2 advantages and 1 disadvantage of each measure. There is a trade-off between the practicality and the accuracy of measures of physical activity. As a result the more accurate a measure is the less practical it is and vice versa. Place the following Physical Activity Measures on the graph below in the correct order in relation to this principle.  Pedometers  Direct Observation  Accelerometers  Recall Surveys Would LIP be of greater importance to a 400 metre track athlete or a Marathon Runner? 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 12 Ally, who has been relatively inactive up until now, has recently signed up to do a 10km run in a year with a friend. Ally has decided to undertake a training program to help her prepare her for the event. Her fitness quickly increases after initially after starting the program. However over time she notices that the rate she is achieving her fitness gains is not as great as when she initially started even though she has correctly applied overload to her program. What is the name for the training principle that is responsible for the decrease in the rate of Ally’s fitness gains over time? Draw a graph to exemplify this principle. It is now a just over a month from the 10km fun run. Ally’s fitness has improved greatly and she wants to achieve the best result that she can for the fun run. In order to help her do this, she has asked for your advice about some fitness practices she knows you have covered in Unit 3 and 4 PE. i. Would you recommend this practice for Ally? i. Would you recommend this practice for Ally? 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Question 13 A person’s level of arousal is crucial to how well a person performs. If a person arousal level is too low then it shall impact negatively on performance through factors such as the person being tired, bored and uninvolved in the activity they are performing. On the other hand if a person is too aroused their performance will suffer from factors such as being tense, anxious and over-excitable. Above shows the typical graph for arousal levels. However, for some events the optimal performance zone can vary. Answer the following question based off this information. Label on the graph below where the area of optimal performance would occur for a 100 metre sprinter. Justify why this would be the ideal level of arousal for a 100 metre sprinter. Outline one strategy that the 100metre sprinter could use to reach an ideal level of arousal if he was in the average ‘optimal performance area’ shown in the first graph as opposed to the optimal performance area most ideal to his event. Label on the graph below where the area of optimal performance would occur for an archer. Justify why this would be the ideal level of arousal for an archer. 6.5 hour revision seminars for just $56 – visit www.ee.org.au for more info. Outline one strategy that the archer could use to reach an ideal level of arousal if she was in the average ‘optimal performance area’ shown in the first graph as opposed to the optimal performance area most ideal to her event. Looking for solutions? Visit www.engageeducation.org.au/practice-exams

Source: http://engageeducation.org.au/engagedownloads/Practice%20Exams/2011/PE/Units%203%20and%204/Exam.pdf

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DEFINIZIONI Nel testo che segue si intende per: “Alienazione”: la vendita del veicolo da parte del concessionario; “Applicazione”: elemento del contratto atto a recepire i dati del veicolo garantito; documento che deve essere rilasciato al momento della consegna del veicolo debitamente sottoscritto dal Contraente e dal Proprietario; “Assicurato”: il soggetto il

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